Typically R = 8. Rod Mill Charge: Typically 45% of internal volume; 35% – 65% range. Bed porosity typically 40%. Height of bed measured in the same way as ball mills. Bulk density of rods = tons/m3. In wet grinding, the solids concentration 1s typically 60% – 75% by mass. A rod in situ and a cutaway of a rod mill interior.